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    #1

    Tenses and Grammar

    Dear Teacher,

    Could you please help me with the following question?

    Health Watch, which, initially at least, ........... by pharmaceutical companies, .............. an aggressive campaign against natural medicines.

    a) was financed / is waging
    b) had financed / was waging
    c) has been financed / had waged
    d) was being financed / had been waging
    e) will be financed / would wage


    d) seems to be correct according to The Key.

    However, in the choice d); due to the adverb "initially", the act of financing, I think, must have been completed before that campaign was waged. Therefore, a "past perfect" tense should not be used to indicate an action "after" another past happening.

    On the other hand, I cannot match the "progressive" structure for the first blank.

    Thanks and regards.

  1. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #2

    Re: Tenses and Grammar

    First, here's a hint. Take out the phrase "initially at least" and read the sentence again. You'll know which tenses work and which don't work. If it's still too difficult, let us know and we'll walk you through it.

    All the best.

    • Member Info
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    #3

    Re: Tenses and Grammar

    Dear Teacher,

    After applying your suggestion, both a) and d) seem possible to me (maybe I'm wrong).

    For choice a):
    Health Watch was (previously) financed by pharmaceutical companies, but now is waging an aggressive campaign against natural medicines.

    For Choice d):
    (Although) Health Watch had been waging
    an aggressive campaign against natural medicines, it was (later) being financed by pharmaceutical companies.

    I am waiting for your further clarification.

    Thanks and regards.

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #4

    Re: Tenses and Grammar

    Great!

    OK. Choice a) doesn't work, though. The reason being, the financing and the waging is supposed to occur at the same time. Here it doesn't:

    a) Health Watch, which was financed by pharmaceutical companies,
    is waging an aggressive campaign against natural medicines.


    Choice d), however, specifically the use of the progressive tense (-ing) expresses that two actions took place at the same time:

    d) Health Watch, which was being financed by pharmaceutical companies,
    had been waging an aggressive campaign against natural medicines.

    Hope that helps.

    All the best.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Turkish
      • Home Country:
      • Turkey
      • Current Location:
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    • Posts: 57
    #5

    Re: Tenses and Grammar

    Dear Teacher,

    Thank you for the explanations.

    Regards

  3. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #6

    Re: Tenses and Grammar

    You're welcome, Honore.

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