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  1. Titas
    Guest
    #1

    Question Adhikari

    Dear Sir/Mada,

    I would like to know what is COMPOUND GERUND or ABSOLUTE GERUND.
    What is the differences between a Compoung Gerund and a Perfect Participle?

    eg,
    Having being tired he sat on the road.

    I would really appreciate if you please help me!

  2. #2

    Re: Adhikari

    Quote Originally Posted by Titas View Post
    Dear Sir/Mada,

    I would like to know what is COMPOUND GERUND or ABSOLUTE GERUND.
    What is the differences between a Compoung Gerund and a Perfect Participle?

    eg,
    Having being tired he sat on the road.

    I would really appreciate if you please help me!
    Hi,
    To be honest, I have never heard the terms "compound" or "absolute" gerund, but I think I can guess from your example. First, though, your example is incorrect because "having (been) tired" is a state or feeling and if that feeling has passed ("having been" means it happened already) it doesn't make sense that he would sit on the road, so "Being tired", or better, just "tired, he sat on the road" is o.k. However, it IS NOT a gerund! "Having been tired" or "being tired" are reduced adverb clauses: Because he was tired (adverb clause), he sat on the road. Gerunds act as subjects or objects, but not clauses.

    Anyway, "Swimming (GERUND) is fun" is perhaps an absolute gerund and "Swimming in the river (GERUND + prepositional phrase) is fun" is perhaps a compound gerund.

    Hope that helps!


    • Join Date: May 2006
    • Posts: 1,335
    #3

    Re: Adhikari

    Hi,
    I understand absolute gerund as simple/bare gerund:
    Getting up early is said to be good for health.
    compound gerund consists of 2 or 3 words;
    I disapprove of your having done that.
    The boy is used to being shouted at.
    The following example perhaps is too bookish, but I can't think of anything better now:
    She resented her brother's having been sacked.

    Regards

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