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  1. Noego's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • French
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • Canada

    • Join Date: Mar 2007
    • Posts: 583
    #1

    Why is that?

    He claimed ________ in the supermarket when he was shopping yesterday.

    C) to have been badly treated

    I know the answer is C.

    Only it's always the same problem. I've learned English through immersion so I instinctively know how to use English.


    Could someone help me out on the grammatical mechanics here? Why is this the right answer (a grammatical explanation)

    16. Once you have cured the water pollution problem, you will have to take steps to avoid it _________ again.
    a. to happen b. happens c. happening d. happened

    C) happening

    But why is this the right answer?
    Last edited by Noego; 04-Apr-2007 at 07:16. Reason: Forgot something... :-)

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #2

    Re: Why is that?

    Ellipsis is the answer.

    Ex: ...avoid it (from) happening again.

    The preposition from has been omitted. It heads the prepositional phrase from happening. It takes the gerund happening as its object. Gerunds are nouns and prepositions need nouns.

    a. to happen
    to-infinitives can act as nouns but they aren't compatible with prepositions and can't act as their objects.

    b. happens
    Happens is an inflected verb. Notice it ends in -s. Verbs are not compatible with prepositions either.

    c. happening
    Happening is a gerund. It functions as a subject or an object.

    d. happened
    Happened is a past participle. It functions as part of a verb, e.g., has happened.

    All the best.

  3. Noego's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • French
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • Canada

    • Join Date: Mar 2007
    • Posts: 583
    #3

    Re: Why is that?

    Of course, Ellipsis, thanks.

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