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  1. Newbie
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    • Join Date: Apr 2007
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    #1

    using bare infinitive - urgent

    dear teachers!
    I desperately need a thorough explanation of the use of bare infinitive in the following sentence: He could do everything except make money. I'm especially interested in what part of the speach is "except" and what form of the verb I should use in the sentences like these: He didn't do anything except make/making money. or He didn't like doing anything except make/making money.

    thank you very much in advance

  2. Harry Smith's Avatar
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      • Armenian
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      • Armenia
      • Current Location:
      • Russian Federation

    • Join Date: Aug 2006
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    #2

    Re: using bare infinitive - urgent

    Quote Originally Posted by kirgudu View Post
    dear teachers!
    I desperately need a thorough explanation of the use of bare infinitive in the following sentence: He could do everything except make money. I'm especially interested in what part of the speach is "except" and what form of the verb I should use in the sentences like these: He didn't do anything except make/making money. or He didn't like doing anything except make/making money.

    thank you very much in advance
    Dear Kirgudu! (when I read your nick I remembered my favourite actor Yuri Nikulin)
    Except making is correct.

  3. Philly's Avatar

    • Join Date: Jun 2006
    • Posts: 620
    #3

    Re: using bare infinitive - urgent

    Hi kirgudu
    .
    I disagree with Harry.
    .
    The word 'except' is used as a conjunction, similar in meaning to 'but'. The verbs need to be balanced -- i.e. you need the same form before and after the conjunction. Look at your sentences this way:
    .
    - He could do everything except/but (he couldn't) make money.
    .
    - He didn't do anything except/but (he did) make money.
    .
    - He didn't like doing anything except/but (he did like) making money.

  4. Newbie
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    • Join Date: Apr 2007
    • Posts: 5
    #4

    Re: using bare infinitive - urgent

    thank you, Philly, very much. you clarified the matter perfectly, I mean I caught the idea, but could you give any other examples of using -ing form after "except" except mentioned ones? thanks, you're most helpful!

  5. Philly's Avatar

    • Join Date: Jun 2006
    • Posts: 620
    #5

    Re: using bare infinitive - urgent

    Hi kirgudu

    I'm not sure I understand what you want. Do you just want more sentences similar in construction to the ones you've already posted?
    .
    Here are a few ideas:
    .
    She avoids doing anything except making excuses.
    She doesn't do anything except make excuses.
    .
    He hates doing everything except playing computer games.
    He is unwilling to do anything except play computer games.
    .
    The criminal admitted doing everything except setting the fire in the warehouse.
    The criminal did everything except set the fire in the warehouse.
    .
    Tomorrow I'd prefer to do nothing except hunt for Easter eggs.

  6. Newbie
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    • Join Date: Apr 2007
    • Posts: 5
    #6

    Re: using bare infinitive - urgent

    Happy Easter,Philly.and thank you very much once again. you see, in russian "exept" is a preposition that's why I though that in english this word can act as a preposition too. and after prepositions -ing form is used not infinitive, thus the sentence semmed confusing to me. therefore I asked for some sentences with "except" as a preposition with -ing form after it - if this only can be possible.

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    #7

    Re: using bare infinitive - urgent

    "except for" isn't used as a conjunction, is it? But can I use a gerund after "except for"?

  7. Philly's Avatar

    • Join Date: Jun 2006
    • Posts: 620
    #8

    Re: using bare infinitive - urgent

    Hi kirgudu
    .
    The word 'except' is also used as a preposition and I suppose it might be argued that 'except' is a preposition in some of the previous sentences in which the -ing form of the verb is used.

    He could do everything except make money.
    He didn't do anything except make money.
    He will do nothing except sleep tomorrow.
    The sentences above start with a clause that has an all-inclusive 'do' -- in other words, 'do' refers to everything that the subject could possibly do or not do. Then the second part of each sentence more or less says "but one particular 'do' (verb) is not included" or "however the subject does/does not do one particular verb". The word 'except' works as a conjunction and the primary connection is between the all-inclusive 'do' in the first half of the sentence and the one specific 'do' in the second half.
    .
    -----------------------
    .
    Hi dihen
    .
    Right, 'except for' is used as a preposition. Yes, you can use a gerund after it.

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