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    • Join Date: Jan 2007
    • Posts: 1,740
    #1

    She has been married

    She has been married to her husband for 10 years.

    I thought `married' was a `main verb' in this sentence.

    Now, someone told, it is a `adjective'.

    So, I am being confused.

    Could you help me on this?

  1. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #2

    Re: She has been married

    Married is a past participle in form and it functions as part of the Present Perfect verb has been married. Present Perfect verbs take the form HAVE/HAS + Past Participle or HAVE/HAS + BE + Past Participle. If the past participle comes after BE, then its function is that of an adjective. Note that, as a past participle, it can't function on its own. It needs a verb or a form of the verb BE.

    Main verb: has
    Form of BE: been
    Past participle: married <adjective>

    Hope that helps.


    • Join Date: Jan 2007
    • Posts: 1,740
    #3

    Re: She has been married

    Quote Originally Posted by Casiopea View Post
    Married is a past participle in form and it functions as part of the Present Perfect verb has been married. Present Perfect verbs take the form HAVE/HAS + Past Participle or HAVE/HAS + BE + Past Participle. If the past participle comes after BE, then its function is that of an adjective. Note that, as a past participle, it can't function on its own. It needs a verb or a form of the verb BE.

    Main verb: has
    Form of BE: been
    Past participle: married <adjective>

    Hope that helps.
    Thank you Casiopea.

    So, I think, in my sentence the word `married' is partly `adjective' and partly `verb'

    Am I right?

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #4

    Re: She has been married

    Good answer. If I were asked, I'd say that has been married is a present perfect verb, made up the main verb has, the past participle been, which acts as an auxiliary or kind of linking verb (!but you need to be careful of terminology there because some sources treat auxiliary verbs and linking verbs as separate categories), and finally the adjective married, which is a past participle in form.

    All the best.


    • Join Date: Jan 2007
    • Posts: 66
    #5

    Re: She has been married

    Quote Originally Posted by Casiopea View Post
    Good answer. If I were asked, I'd say that has been married is a present perfect verb, made up the main verb has, the past participle been, which acts as an auxiliary or kind of linking verb (!but you need to be careful of terminology there because some sources treat auxiliary verbs and linking verbs as separate categories), and finally the adjective married, which is a past participle in form.

    All the best.
    I thought here, `has' is an auxiliary verb and `been' is a main verb in such a situation.

    But you are confusing me.

  3. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #6

    Re: She has been married

    Been is a past participle in form. It can't act as a main verb.

    Note, been as a main verb,

    *I been to France. <ungrammatical>
    I have been to France. <grammatical>

    A Present Perfect verb takes HAVE + a participle, one that ends in -en or ed.

    All the best.

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