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  1. sechidin
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    #1

    Talking affixes

    i am a student from indonesia. i have a work to make an article about affixes.it linguistics term. i realy do not understand in this term. i ask you some question bellow:
    1. what are types of affixes?
    2. what are the function in a word?
    3. can you give me definition of affix based on experts (at least 5 expert)?
    i realy appreciate for answering those question

  2. Noego's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: affixes

    I would strongly recommend checking out the glossary. You will find a lot of a lot of information there.Click on the first one, grammar glossary.



    Here's a definition for the word affix. You'll see, it's actually a very easy term to understand. I find a lot of grammatical terms are pretty scary sounding words, but pretty simple once you read their definitions.

    This definition comes from this website:

    " An Affix is a Morpheme added to a word to change its function or meaning. There are three basic ways to do this: Prefix - by adding a morpheme to the beginning of a word:
    Possible can be made negative in meaning by adding im-: impossible
    Suffix - by adding -ly to the end of many adjectives, the adverb can be formed: cheerful- cheerfully
    Infix - some languages add morphemes to the middle of the word, but this system is rarely used in English, except in expressions such as 'Fan-bloody-tastic', known as tmesis ."



    Here's another definition from "Collins CoBuild" dictionary:
    "An affix is a letter or group of letters, for example `un-' or `-y', which is added to either the beginning or the end of a word to form a different word with a different meaning. For example, `un-' is added to `kind' to form `unkind'. Compare prefix and suffix."


    Here's another one, this time from Cambridge Advanced Learner dictionary (not the best definition however):


    "An affix is a letter or group of letters, for example `un-' or `-y', which is added to either the beginning or the end of a word to form a different word with a different meaning. For example, `un-' is added to `kind' to form `unkind'. Compare prefix and suffix."



    Houghton Mifflin eReference:


    "A word element, such as a prefix or suffix, that can only occur attached to a base, stem, or root."


    Concise Oxford English Dictionary:



    "Grammar an addition to the base form or stem of a word that modifies its meaning or creates a new word."


    This should be enough definitions to give you a good idea as to what affix means.

    Prefix:

    Em
    power (em)

    Suffix:

    Powerful (ful)

    You see, a few letters are added the root of a word to give it a different meaning.

    Do you understand?

    EDIT: corrected the typo.


    Last edited by Noego; 17-Apr-2007 at 14:42.

  3. BobK's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: affixes

    Very full answer. Noego made a slip, but I suspect it was just a typo - the em in 'empower' is a prefix. This points towards an answer to Q1 - there are 3 main types of affix; and not all languages use all three:

    • prefixes (added at the beginning)
    • suffixes (added at the end)
    • infixes (added in the middle)


    Wikipedia says 'English has very few infixes, and those it does have are marginal.' The article at Affix - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia lists several more types.

    b

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