Results 1 to 2 of 2

    • Join Date: May 2007
    • Posts: 1
    • Post Thanks / Like

    Smile present perfect mixed with past tense?

    Please read the following sentence and explain to me why is it possible to mix past tense "decided" as the main verb with present perfect "must have rendered" in the same sentence?

    They decided that her grief must have rendered my friend lonely and confused.

    Thank you,

    • Join Date: Jun 2006
    • Posts: 29
    • Post Thanks / Like

    Re: present perfect mixed with past tense?

    "must have rendered" is not 'present perfect.' It is a modal form in the perfective (meaning 'before'), in this case 'before they decided.' It is a logical conclusion about what had happened before the utterance.

    Another example:
    "I told him he must have made a mistake."
    "I told him he had made a mistake."

    "I told him he must come (the next day)."
    which is about the same as:
    "I told him he had to come (the next day)."

Similar Threads

  1. i need urgent help
    By nita in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 11-Sep-2009, 13:13
  2. present perfect tense & present perfect continuous tense
    By *zaizai~love* in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 30-Oct-2008, 23:06
  3. A strange use of tense
    By shun in forum Linguistics
    Replies: 26
    Last Post: 18-Sep-2006, 02:45
  4. Replies: 1
    Last Post: 18-Apr-2006, 17:18
  5. past tense or present perfect ?
    By Dany in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 25-Sep-2004, 14:40


Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts