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  1. blouen's Avatar
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    #1

    Question what are ......???

    hi,

    What are semantics, syntax and phonology?

    These are technical English terms, right, are there more technical terms I need to know

  2. #2

    Re: what are ......???

    Quote Originally Posted by blouen View Post
    hi,

    What are semantics, syntax and phonology?

    These are technical English terms, right, are there more technical terms I need to know

    Syntax refers to the structure of a language.

    For example, the general sentence form "noun intransitive-verb adverb" tends to be well-formed syntactically, wheras "noun intranstive-verb verb" isn't.

    So - "John shouted loudly" is well-formed syntactically, but "John shouted walked" isn't well-formed.


    Semantics refers to the meaning of the language. So the phrase "George Bush is the President of Canada" is wrong semantically, despite the fact that it's a perfectly well-formed sentence (and therefore correct syntactically.)


    Phonology is rather more complex - it refers to the way that sounds are used within a language. A phoneme is an indivisible sound, and quite separate from the letters used to write it. So, "sh" is a phoneme, but not pronounced "S, H".

    A sample question in phonology is the "cot-caught merger". In British English, the vowel sounds in the two words are completely different. In Canadian English, they are indistinguishable, and in American English, the question is one of regional accounts (according to some reports, 40% of US English speakers pronounce them the same).

    Phonology is closely related to phonetics, which is the study of how the sounds are produced. Phonology is the study of how they are used.

    Regards,

    Mark


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    #3

    Re: what are ......???

    Semantic = relating to meaning in language or logic

    Syntax = the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language

    Phonology = the system of contrastive relationships among the fundamental speech sounds of a language.

    There are lots more technical terms. What particular field concerns you? Grammar or Linguistics?

  3. blouen's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: what are ......???

    Quote Originally Posted by Anglika View Post
    Semantic = relating to meaning in language or logic

    Syntax = the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language

    Phonology = the system of contrastive relationships among the fundamental speech sounds of a language.

    There are lots more technical terms. What particular field concerns you? Grammar or Linguistics?
    I'm more into English Grammar.
    can you also give me an introduction to Linguistics, I'm not so sure I know it. Thanks!!!!
    Last edited by blouen; 12-Jun-2007 at 01:51.

  4. blouen's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: what are ......???

    Can somebody tell me about Linguistics?


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    #6

    Re: what are ......???

    Linguistics = plural noun treated as sing. the scientific study of language and its structure

  5. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #7

    Re: what are ......???

    Quote Originally Posted by blouen View Post
    ... can you also give me an introduction to Linguistics, I'm not so sure I know it.
    Have you seen these?

    Linguistics: An Introduction to Linguistics

    Introduction to Linguistics

    Linguistics 101

  6. blouen's Avatar
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    #8

    Wink Re: what are ......???

    Thanks!!!

  7. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #9

    Re: what are ......???

    You're welcome.

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