could u please explain what is the difference between gerundival phrase and participial phrase?
Gerunds are nouns, so they function like nouns. Nouns are subjects and objects:
Ex: Learning English is fun.
Ex: I like learning English.
Participles have two functions:
1. Part of a verb
Ex: We are walking.
Ex: reading glasses
Ex: I saw them running down the street.
Does that help so far?