“Kafeel Ahmed is an aeronautical engineer who went to school and college in Bangalore, before moving westwards to Ireland and Britain. His brother and cousin, both doctors, both also from Bangalore, have been taken into custody as well. The city that was famous for being the software capital of a world flattened by globalization is now internationally known for other reasons. And if doctors and engineers were our most successful intellectual export, it is from their ranks that a new network of fundamentalists appear to have been drawn.” Please explain the meaning of “flattened by” in the above paragraph.
It is the metaphorical concept of a world in which all places have been made the same by globalisation - it does not matter where you are in the world for the production of computer software.