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  1. #1

    "Once XXX takes effect" or "Once XXX has taken effect"

    Iím not sure if I should use "has" here.
    Please tell me which is correct.

    1. Once the anesthetic takes effect, the part will be surgically opened.

    2. Once the anesthetic has taken effect, the part will be surgically opened.


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    #2

    Re: "Once XXX takes effect" or "Once XXX has taken effect"

    Either can be used. They are equally understandable.

  2. #3

    Re: "Once XXX takes effect" or "Once XXX has taken effect"

    Thank you.

    So, there's no rule for when to use the two usages?

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    #4

    Re: "Once XXX takes effect" or "Once XXX has taken effect"

    One rule you can follow is to use the simplest language and the fewest words that can express your meaning.

  3. #5

    Re: "Once XXX takes effect" or "Once XXX has taken effect"

    OK
    Thank you!

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    #6

    Re: "Once XXX takes effect" or "Once XXX has taken effect"

    The present perfect can be used to emphasise the completion of the action. However, in this case, you'd hope the emphasis would not be necessary.

  4. #7

    Re: "Once XXX takes effect" or "Once XXX has taken effect"

    Now it's clearer to me!
    Thank you, tdol

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