Student or Learner
i'm a new member and i need ur help about this grammer
" the using of " until " & " by " and the deffirance between them
plz if there are examples , it will be better .
thanks for all
BY means "not later than" so if you say sth like: "You must be at home by 7 o'clock." = it means you must be at home not later than 7 o'clock, you can come at 5 o'clock, 6 o'clock, 7 o'clock but not later that 7.
And sth continues UNTIL (or till) a time in the future:
Fred will be away until Monday. (= so he'll be back on Monday, not sooner).
Fred will be back by Monday. (= so he'll be back not later than Monday)
sth continues UNTIL (or till) a time in the future.
sth happens BY a time in the future.
I hope it helps.
it did but really i'm confused with this , i need some more EX to be clear
if you don't mind
I walked till [until] I was tired.
I talked till [until] I was hoarse.
The rain lasted till [until] the morning.
They were at school till [until] 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
"At this time"
Will you be ready to go to school by 9 o'clock in the morning?
He was home by 6 o'clock in the evening.
The meal will be ready by the time you come home.
"Till" and "until" are interchangeable - either can be used.