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    • Join Date: Aug 2007
    • Posts: 6
    #1

    Identifying the functions in the clauses help

    I need some help in understanding what these grammatical words mean. I know some of them appear in the glossary of this site but I am still finding them difficult to understand.

    Finites
    Predicators
    Direct Object Complements
    Indirect Object Compliments
    Intensive Compliments
    Subjects

    Thanks in advance for any help :)

  1. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #2

    Re: Identifying the functions in the clauses help

    Well, it's a big topic, so let's start slowly.

    Here's a start.

    Finites: verbs that change form. e.g., She walks, she walked.

    Predicators: Everything but the subject; e.g., I had cake today.

    Direct Object Complements: the verb's object; e.g., Max sent an email.

    Indirect Object Compliments: the verb's other object; e.g., Max sent me an email.

    Intensive Compliments: What traditional grammarians called a relative clause (RC); e.g. Max sent me an email that his boss had sent him. An RC describes a noun. In our example, the noun phrase is an email.

    Subjects: The doer or topic of the verb; e.g., Max sent me an email. An email was sent.


    Do you have any questions?


    • Join Date: Aug 2007
    • Posts: 6
    #3

    Re: Identifying the functions in the clauses help

    Thanks for taking the time to help me but I'm still finding some difficulty. I've been given 10 paragraphs and have to label the subjects, finites, predicators, direct object compliments, indirect object compliments, intensive compliments and adjucts. this is the first paragraph:

    Pip looked at the tombstones. He felt frightened and lonely. A man appeared suddenly.The man was dressed in rough grey clothes. He had a band of iron around one ankle. His clothes were wet and muddy. He seized Pip around the throat.

    If anyone can help me I would really appreciate it and it would help me do the other nine paragraphs. :)


    • Join Date: Oct 2006
    • Posts: 19,434
    #4

    Re: Identifying the functions in the clauses help

    it will be better if you start by indicating what you think might be the right answers and we can then comment.


    • Join Date: Aug 2007
    • Posts: 6
    #5

    Re: Identifying the functions in the clauses help

    yea, you're right. Ok i will give it a go,

    Finites: looked, appeared, frightened, dressed, he seized,

    Predictors:

    Direct Object Compliments: the tombstones,

    Indirect Object Compliments: He felt frightened and lonely, The man was dressed in rough grey clothes.

    Intensive compliments: (Still not sure what this actually means)

    Subjects: Pip looked at the tombstones, The man was dressed in rough grey clothes.

    Adjuncts: Suddenly

    That's all I could find, its probably all wrong but I did try

    any help would be great :)


    • Join Date: Aug 2007
    • Posts: 6
    #6

    Re: Identifying the functions in the clauses help

    bump

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