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  1. Unregistered
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    #1

    restatement

    57. The root cause of the crisis is that the legal basis for asylum was drawn up when very few had the means to seek it.

    A) Though few of them have any way at all of escaping it is now that the legal basis for asylum must be revised so that such a crisis may be avoided.

    B) We must face the fact that the legal basis for asylum should not have been drawn up when hardly anyone had a chance to escape.

    C) Basic to the whole disastrous situation is the fact that the legal basis for asylum dates back to a time when it was almost impossible for anyone to seek it.

    D) When the legal basis of asylum was devised it was assumed that very few people would ever seek it and such a crisis as this was not expected.

    E) As few people ever managed to escape, it was felt that a legal basis for asylum was unnecessary and this is the major cause of the problem.


    I stuck between "C" and "D"; and the answer key says "C", but I wonder what the reason for "C" is, or why not "D".

    Any comment'll be much appreciated! Thanks in advance:)

  2. BobK's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: restatement

    For C: "Basic to the whole disastrous situation is the fact that ..." is very close to the words in the original sentence - "The root cause of the crisis is that ...". And "the legal basis for asylum dates back to a time when it was almost impossible for anyone to seek it" is also very close to the words in the original sentence - "the legal basis for asylum was drawn up when very few had the means to seek it".

    Against D: It paraphrases the second part of the sentence, but it omits the idea of the fundamental cause and adds the idea of the unexpectedness of the crisis.

    You're right to think that D is a closer paraphrase than A, B, or E; so the fact that you thought the answer was either C or D was understandable. But when dealing with this sort of question, imagine the examiner writing it: first, he or she writes the correct paraphrase, and in doing so identifies the main bits of information that must be conveyed by a successful paraphrase. Having done that, writing unsuccessful paraphrases is easy: just take the main bits of information and either add new information, embellish the information that's there, or omit that information.

    b

    PS If you register you can get e-mail notification of any answers to your posts.
    Last edited by BobK; 25-Aug-2007 at 15:59. Reason: Deleted unnecessary quote; added PS

  3. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
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    #3

    Re: restatement

    Additionally, when in doubt, look for key words or phrases help. For example, very few [people] at the time had the means to seek asylum is another way of saying very few [people] at the time were able to seek asylum, or it was almost impossible for them at the time to seek asylum.

    57. The root cause of the crisis is that the legal basis for asylum was drawn up when very few had the means to seek it.

    C) it was almost impossible for anyone to seek it.

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