Student or Learner
Please teach me why can't "it" use in this sentence below?
And, why "being" is used ? Is it to make a phrase?
"(This or That or Such) being the case, the plan was canceled."
There wasn't enough money, and that/this [reason] being the case, the plan was canceled.
That and this are adjectival; they would modify the noun reason if it were not omitted.
The pronoun it, on the other hand, can't function adjectivally and so it can't be synonymous with that/this; it co-occur with a noun as it does here:There wasn't enough money, and it [reason] being the case, the plan was canceled.
But! It's incorrect only if we assume that the noun reason has been omitted. Assume otherwise, that it doesn't function adjectivally, that it stands on its own; that it stands for not having enough money, and the sentence stands correct:There wasn't enough money, and it (= not having enough money) being the case, the plan was canceled.
Finite: more than one form
Non-finite: one form only
Phrase: that being the case (non-finite verb)
Clause: that is the case (finite verb)