1. ## Modals of speculation.

Modal of speculation.
========

Rewrite the underlined sentences using modals of speculation.
1)
A: Maybe he was kidnapped.
B: It's certain that didn't happen. There was no ransom note.
A: It's likely he had a heart attack.
B: That's possible.

2)
A: We can conclude he died in the jungle.
B: It's possible he didn't die there. After all, none of his clothing or bones were ever found or identified.

3) It's not possible that you wrote this paper yourself.

4) We can conclude that Jim Thompson didn't plan his disapperance.

5) It's certain that Jim Thompson wanted to vanish.

6) Maybe our teacher forgot about our quiz today.

2. ## Re: Modals of speculation.

Originally Posted by onetwothree
Modal of speculation.
========

Rewrite the underlined sentences using modals of speculation.
1)
A: Maybe he was kidnapped.
B: It's certain that didn't happen. There was no ransom note.
A: It's likely he had a heart attack.
B: That's possible.

2)
A: We can conclude he died in the jungle.
B: It's possible he didn't die there. After all, none of his clothing or bones were ever found or identified.

3) It's not possible that you wrote this paper yourself.

4) We can conclude that Jim Thompson didn't plan his disapperance.

5) It's certain that Jim Thompson wanted to vanish.

6) Maybe our teacher forgot about our quiz today.
Hi 123,

There aren't modals that cover all situations but there are semi-modals [periphrastic modals] that can cover the range of speculation.

+++++++++++++++++++
will/would 100%

almost certainly + will + verb 91-99%

should/probably or likely + verb 51-90%

may 26-50%

might 1-25%
++++++++++++++++++++++++

{These numbers are given as a general representation of the modals/semi-modals range of certainty}

Now that you know, try to do these yourself.

3. ## Re: Modals of speculation.

Originally Posted by riverkid
Hi 123,

There aren't modals that cover all situations but there are semi-modals [periphrastic modals] that can cover the range of speculation.

+++++++++++++++++++
will/would 100%

almost certainly + will + verb 91-99%

should/probably or likely + verb 51-90%

may 26-50%

might 1-25%
++++++++++++++++++++++++

{These numbers are given as a general representation of the modals/semi-modals range of certainty}

Now that you know, try to do these yourself.
OK! Thanks a lot for your information . But, I posted that post just because I don't know:

Maybe + Sub + Verb... = what modal (or semi-modal)?
It's possible that + Sub + Verb... =what modal (or semi-modal)?
It's certain that + Sub + Verb...= What modal (or semi-modal)?
........
[so on]
============
I hope you understand what I mean.
Then, can you help me with that? Thanks again

4. ## Re: Modals of speculation.

Originally Posted by onetwothree
OK! Thanks a lot for your information . But, I posted that post just because I don't know:

Maybe + Sub + Verb... = what modal (or semi-modal)?
Here 'maybe' means the same thing as 'may be' but 'maybe' is the adverb form that equals the modal form, 'may be', which is modal 'may' + the verb 'be'.

1. Maybe he will go.

Here the adverb 'maybe', has modified/changed the modal verb 'will' [which denotes 100% certainty], to a 26-50% chance that he will go.

Number 1 is equal in meaning to number 2, below;

2. He may go.

Originally Posted by onetwothree
It's possible that + Sub + Verb... =what modal (or semi-modal)?
It's certain that + Sub + Verb...= What modal (or semi-modal)?
........
[so on]
============
I hope you understand what I mean.
Then, can you help me with that? Thanks again
I understand exactly what you mean, 123. But it'll help you understand these modals much better if you try to figure this out yourself, of course with my help.

Looking at the chart I gave you, what modal verb do you think means, "It's possible"? What modal verb means, "It's certain"?

5. ## Re: Modals of speculation.

Originally Posted by onetwothree
Modal of speculation.
========

Rewrite the underlined sentences using modals of speculation.
1)
A: Maybe he was kidnapped.

may is the modal. Try to write this as a new sentence.

B: It's certain that didn't happen. There was no ransom note.

couldn't = It wasn't possible.

A: It's likely he had a heart attack.

He probably/likely had a heart attack.

B: That's possible.

could = possibility

2)
A: We can conclude he died in the jungle.

a conclusion with all other possibilities ruled out = must

B: It's possible he didn't die there. After all, none of his clothing or bones were ever found or identified.

It's possible = might/may/could [depending on the strength of the intended meaning]

3) It's not possible that you wrote this paper yourself.

impossible = couldn't

4) We can conclude that Jim Thompson didn't plan his disapperance.

conclusion = must not

5) It's certain that Jim Thompson wanted to vanish.

[I'm not sure of the intended modal here. I'd use adverbs]

6) Maybe our teacher forgot about our quiz today.
may = maybe

6. ## Re: Modals of speculation.

Originally Posted by riverkid
may = maybe
OK! I've got it. Thank you!I'll try to rewrite the sentences myself.
=============
1)
Maybe he was kidnapped.
= He may have been kidnapped.

It's certain that didn't happen.
= It couldn't have happened.

It's likely he had a heart attack.
= He likely had a heart attack.

That's possible.
= That could be!
2)
We can conclude he died in the jungle.
=He must have died in the jungle.

It's possible he didn't die there.
=He may not have died there.

3)
It's not possible that you wrote this paper yourself.
=You couldn't have writen this paper yourself.

4)
We can conclude that Jim Thompson didn't plan his disapperance.
=We mustn't have planed his disapperance.

5)It's certain that Jim Thompson wanted to vanish.
= Jim Thompson must have wanted to vanish.
6)
Maybe our teacher forgot about our quiz today.
= Our teacher may have forgot about our quiz today.
=============================
So, what do you think? Are they correct?

7. ## Re: Modals of speculation.

Originally Posted by onetwothree
OK! I've got it. Thank you!I'll try to rewrite the sentences myself.
=============
1)
Maybe he was kidnapped.
= He may have been kidnapped.

YOU'VE GOT IT!

It's certain that didn't happen.
= It couldn't have happened.

GREAT! In order to make 'couldn't even stronger, you can add definitely / There's no question / absolutely / ...

It's likely he had a heart attack.
= He likely had a heart attack.

AND YOU THOUGHT YOU DIDN'T KNOW! PSHAW!!!

That's possible.
= That could be!

YUP! You can also use may or might.

We can conclude he died in the jungle.
=He must have died in the jungle.

OKEYDOKEY!

It's possible he didn't die there.
=He may not have died there.

YEEEEAAAH!! You could also use 'might' though it shows that you're less certain.

3)
It's not possible that you wrote this paper yourself.
=You couldn't have writen this paper yourself.

DYNAMITE

4)
We can conclude that Jim Thompson didn't plan his disapperance.
=We mustn't have planed his disapperance.

OOOOOOPPPPPPPPS. MESSED UP ON THE SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE. TRY AGAIN 123.

5)It's certain that Jim Thompson wanted to vanish.
= Jim Thompson must have wanted to vanish.

'must' DOESN'T EQUAL 'CERTAIN'. 'must' is slightly weaker than 100% certain. 'must' says, "with all the facts available to me, this appears to be the only choice/option/plan/etc. Instead of me just telling you, why not try again, 123.

6)
Maybe our teacher forgot about our quiz today.
= Our teacher may have forgot about our quiz today.

One small slipup here. Can you guess where it might be/might have been?

=============================
So, what do you think? Are they correct?
########

8. ## Re: Modals of speculation.

Originally Posted by riverkid
########
Sorry, what do you mean by "###############" ?

9. ## Re: Modals of speculation.

Originally Posted by onetwothree
Sorry, what do you mean by "###############" ?
Hi 123,

When you answer within the quote box, it's not accepted when you hit "Submit Reply" so you have to add a few letter, symbols, something outside the quote box.

10. ## Re: Modals of speculation.

Oh! I see.
Btw, I corrected some sentences which are incorrect.

4)
We can conclude that Jim Thompson didn't plan his disapperance.
= Jim Thompson mustn't have planned his disappearance.

5) It's certain that Jim Thompson wanted to vanish.
= Jim Thompson could have wanted to vanish.
6)
Well, there was a small slipup??? What's it? can you tell me?

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