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  1. #1
    Bandit Guest

    NEED HELP - grammatical labels

    how can i identify the grammatical labels for the following sentences?

    "John said he was too busy to go out"
    "i will do it if i have time"

  2. #2
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    Re: NEED HELP - grammatical labels

    Quote Originally Posted by Bandit
    how can i identify the grammatical labels for the following sentences?

    "John said he was too busy to go out"
    "i will do it if i have time"
    One needs to look at the words and decide what thay are doing in the sentence.

    The first sentence is about what John said.

    John: noun, subject of sentence
    said: verb, main verb

    The rest is what John said. As a whole, it is a noun clause. It is a noun because it functions as the direct object of the verb "said". It is a clause because it has a subject and a verb of its own.

    he: pronoun, subject of clause
    was: verb, clausal verb
    too: adverb, modifies "busy"
    busy: adjective, predicate adjective linked to "he" by "was"
    to go out: infinitive phrase "to go" + adverb "out", which modifies "go"
    (The infinitive phrase, IMO, modifies "busy", so it acts as an adverb.)

    "I will do it if I have time."

    I: pronoun, sentence subject
    will do: sentence verb, future tense, auxiliary verb + base verb form
    it: pronoun, direct object of the verb "will do"

    The rest is a conditional clause, introduced by "if".

    if: conjunction
    I: pronoun, clausal subject
    have: clausal verb
    time: noun, direct object of the verb "have".

    The essence of the parts of speech grammar model involves the roles that words can play in a sentence. These roles determine how the words interact with each other.

  3. #3
    Bandit Guest
    Hi mikenewyork,

    thanks for the great detail explaination.

    can you please help me with one more?

    "the meeting was postponed"

  4. #4
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Bandit
    Hi mikenewyork,

    thanks for the great detail explaination.

    can you please help me with one more?

    "the meeting was postponed"
    Am I doing your homework here?

    Why don't you try this one and I will help you? Look at the words. Look them up in a dictionary, if you must, to see which parts of speech they are. Then see how the words interact with each other.

  5. #5
    Bandit Guest
    "the meeting was postponed"

    the: definite article
    meeting: noun, subject of sentence
    was: verb,
    postponed: verb (inf)

    thanks for the help

  6. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by Bandit
    "the meeting was postponed"

    the: definite article
    meeting: noun, subject of sentence
    was: verb,
    postponed: verb (inf)

    thanks for the help
    Very good! The last word "postponed" is the past participle of the verb "postpone". When used with a linking verb, the combination can be:

    1. the passive voice [to be] + [past participle]
    2. linking verb plus predicate adjective (describing the subject).

    In this case, I would say it is the passive voice. Somebody not mentioned postponed the meeting.

    So you might want to say:

    was postponed: main verb, passive voice, [form of "to be"] + [past participle of the verb "postpone"]

  7. #7
    Bandit Guest
    thanks for your time, and suggestions.
    I was so confused in the beginning. (when I first recieved this assignment)

    Ok, back at it.... I've got six more sentences to finish.

    thanks again!

    =)

  8. #8
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Bandit
    thanks for your time, and suggestions.
    I was so confused in the beginning. (when I first recieved this assignment)

    Ok, back at it.... I've got six more sentences to finish.

    thanks again!

    =)
    That's what I like in students: inspiration followed by perspiration. :wink:

    I need to go out for a while, but I'll check back in.

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