can you give me 10 ergative verbs ?
There's an extensive list here, on page 4, http://www.flinders.edu.au/SLC/Broch...ve_passive.pdf
How to make a verb ergative:
Step 1 Find a transitive verb.
Step 2 Put it in passive voice.
Step 3 Omit the auxiliary and change the past participle into either a present simple or past simple verb.
Step 1 grow; We grow trees.
Step 2 Tree are grown (by us).
Step 3 Trees grow/grew. <ergative verb>
Note, not all outcomes work:
Step 1 play; We play tennis.
Step 2 Tennis is played (by us).
Step 3 Tennis play/played. <ergative verb>
From Flinders Unievrsity Student Learning Center (See link above):
Ergative verbs, something happens to the subject but the subject doesn't act.
1. An ergative verb can change an object into a subject without needing to use passive:
Active voice: The wind broke the window. <transitive verb>Passive voice: The window was broken. <transitive verb>Middle voice: The window broke/breaks... <ergative verb>2. An ergative verb is a kind of intransitive verb. It is different from an ordinary intransitive verb because it can be made passive:
The window broke (ergative) => The window was broken (passive).
3. The passive voice allows an agent, middle voice does not allow an agent:
The window was broken by the ball.
The window broke by the ball.