Results 1 to 2 of 2

Thread: Help!

  1. Unregistered

    Red face Help!

    My problem is I don't know what the following 'Infinitive Phrase' functions as:
    It is very difficult to explain that clearly. What does 'to explain that clearyly' function as? Please, give me some explanation.

    One more thing is about 'Indirect Object':
    I pass her a spoon.
    I pass a spoon to her.

    I know the first 'her' is Indirect object, but I am not sure the second 'her'. In general rule, the preposition 'to' + 'noun or phrase' = a prepositional phrase that functions as an adjective or an adverb. I don't know if 'to' + 'pronoun' = a prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective or adverb. Please, give me clear explanation. Thank you very much for your help.

  2. Soup's Avatar
    VIP Member
    English Teacher
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • China

    • Join Date: Sep 2007
    • Posts: 5,882

    Re: Help!

    #1 An appositive phrase renames or describe the preceding word or phrase:
    It can be difficult to write clearly.

    Appositive test
    Question: What can be difficult?
    Answer: To write clearly.
    Here's another test. If you move the to-infinitive to the subject position and the resulting sentence is grammatical, you'll know it was appositive phrase:
    It can be difficult to write clearly. <appositive>
    To write clearly can be difficult. <subject>

    #2 When the verb's indirect object (e.g., her) takes the form of a prepositional phrase (e.g., to her), it describes where the direct object is moved and so it functions as an adverb:
    Indirect object: I pass her a spoon.
    Adverbial phrase: I pass a spoon to her.


Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts