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  1. ibetorozco
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    #1

    will or going to

    Hello
    I'm sorry but i really need your help. i'm having a grammar test tomorrow. i'm studying but i can't answer this:
    He predictes John will/is going to win the contest
    John is certain I will/am going to join the club
    I'm sure Melany will/is going to win

    i really can't. i appreciate your help...
    ibet orozco


    • Join Date: Aug 2006
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    #2

    Re: will or going to

    Quote Originally Posted by ibetorozco View Post
    Hello
    I'm sorry but i really need your help. i'm having a grammar test tomorrow. i'm studying but i can't answer this:
    He predictes John will/is going to win the contest
    John is certain I will/am going to join the club
    I'm sure Melany will/is going to win

    i really can't. i wouldappreciate your help...
    ibet orozco
    In all of these examples you could use either 'will' or 'be going to', Ibet. But the tendency is for decided thing to use 'be going to' and for more tenuous "futures" we tend to use 'will'.

    Think of the two as future markers on this scale;


    MORE TENUOUS ------------------------------------------------- DECIDED

    will ----------------------------------------------------------- be going to


    Obviously, there is some middle ground, ie. there are certain situations in life, where either could be used. Try to chose the appropriate one [not the "correct" one for there no such thing] now that you have this information to help you.
    Last edited by riverkid; 24-Sep-2007 at 02:23.


    • Join Date: Sep 2007
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    #3

    Re: will or going to

    Quote Originally Posted by ibetorozco View Post
    Hello
    I'm sorry but i really need your help. i'm having a grammar test tomorrow. i'm studying but i can't answer this:
    He predicts John will/is going to win the contest
    John is certain I will/am going to join the club
    I'm sure Melany will/is going to win

    i really can't. i appreciate your help...
    ibet orozco
    Let me say from the start that from a practical point of view there is very little or no difference between using "will" and "am going to" to express the future. You can interchange them almost at will and be completely understood by any native English speaker.

    However...having said that you are writing a test and probably my answer above would not get you a good grade {shrug}...

    I looked through all my reference books and they rarely say exactly the same thing about this subject but this is what sort of makes sense to me (Paraphrased from the following website:) Future simple / will - be going to - English Questions - English grammar, English usage and other questions about English - eslHQ

    Rules for will/am going to usage

    1. Predictions

    a) If the prediction is mental (that is not something physical) use will.

    I thinkJohn will become president of his class.

    b) If the prediction is about something physical use am going to.

    Look at those dark clouds! It is going to rain soon.

    2. Expressions of want, intention or willingness to do something
    a) If there is willingness to do something use will

    The phone is ringing. I'll get it!

    b) to announce intentions to do something, or want to do something use am going to

    John and Mary are going to come to our house for a visit soon.

    So based on these rules

    He predicts John will win the contest.
    He predicts John is going to win the contest.


    I'd say both are correct depending on whether you believe a contest is a physical thing or a concept. I would lean to will if a gun was put to my head and I had to make a choice.

    John is certain I am going to join the club.

    I would say this is correct since you intend to do this

    I'm sure Melany is going to win.

    I would say this is correct since winning is a mental concept...not a physical object.

    So this is the best I can do for you. As I said from a practical point of view though...especially in speaking English you can probably use the two methods interchangeably with little or no difference of meaning.

    The use of "will" is stronger though and can be considered rude perhaps.

    So depending on how strong (rude) you wish to be about the matter

    I'm sure Melany will win. (more certain...stronger)
    I'm sure Melany is going to win. (more hopeful than certain)

    Here you are expressing emotion....to heck with grammar

    I hope this helps..................

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