Student or Learner
I saw her enter.
What relationship does the infinitive "enter" have with the rest of the sentence? Is it modifying any other word? I believe that the direct object "her" is the infinitive's subject, but I'd also want to know whether the infinitive is a modifier.
a] I saw her enter the house - bare infinitive [one- time action]
Enter is perceived as an infinitival verb complement.
b] I saw her entering the house - participial complement [continuous action]
Entering is perceived as a participial verb complement.
Her is a direct object in this sentence.
Semantically, the use of the participial form indicates that the event perceived is viewed as being in progress [sentence b], whereas the use of the simple form [that is, bare infinitive] shows that it is witnessed as a one-time action or in its entirety [ sentence a]
Additionally, her enter can be considered an accusative and/with infinitive construction[ACI = accusativus cum infinitivo ]. This type of construction is present in other Germanic languages as well.
Last edited by Teia; 14-Oct-2007 at 19:32.