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  1. retro's Avatar
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      • Current Location:
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    • Join Date: Sep 2006
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    #1

    according to vs by

    Can we use "according to" and "by" interchangeably?

    Are the examples OK? Should only "according to" be used when a person is stating something?

    According to/by...
    1. my watch it's 10 o'clock.
    2. law you are eligible to vote at 18.
    3. that site the prime minister has stepped down.
    4. the recent survey more people are working out.
    5. John the perpetrator is unknown.


    • Join Date: Oct 2006
    • Posts: 19,434
    #2

    Re: according to vs by

    In all your sentences, "to" must be used.

    I have not met "according by" as a structure, and it does not appear in the British National Corpus.

  2. retro's Avatar
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      • Native Language:
      • Hungarian
      • Home Country:
      • Hungary
      • Current Location:
      • Hungary

    • Join Date: Sep 2006
    • Posts: 347
    #3

    Re: according to vs by

    Quote Originally Posted by Anglika View Post
    In all your sentences, "to" must be used.

    I have not met "according by" as a structure, and it does not appear in the British National Corpus.
    I meant if both "according to" and "by" fixed the context.
    Last edited by retro; 30-Oct-2007 at 03:25.


    • Join Date: Aug 2006
    • Posts: 3,059
    #4

    Re: according to vs by

    Quote Originally Posted by retro View Post
    Can we use "according to" and "by" interchangeably?

    Are the examples OK? Should only "according to" be used when a person is stating something?

    According to/by...
    1. my watch it's 10 o'clock. BOTH ARE OKAY

    2. law you are eligible to vote at 18. BOTH ARE OKAY

    3. that site the prime minister has stepped down. 'by' SOUNDS A BIT ODD

    As reported by that site ... OKAY

    4. the recent survey more people are working out. 'by' SOUNDS A BIT ODD

    As reported in the recent survey ... OKAY

    5. John the perpetrator is unknown. 'by' SOUNDS A BIT ODD

    As reported by John, the ... OKAY
    I too, thought your question was what Anglika thought, Retro.

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