Results 1 to 3 of 3

Thread: noun

    • Join Date: Oct 2007
    • Posts: 78


    is participle and infinitive a noun? pls explain to me why. .

  1. Hi_there_Carl's Avatar

    • Join Date: Aug 2007
    • Posts: 464

    Re: noun

    The present participle in English is active. It has the following uses:

    * forming the progressive aspect: Jim was sleeping.
    * modifying a noun: Let sleeping dogs lie.
    * modifying a verb or sentence: Broadly speaking, the project was successful.

    The present participle in English has the same form as the gerund, which however is a noun. Thus the word sleeping in Your job description does not include sleeping past noon is not a present participle.

    The past participle has both active and passive uses:

    * forming the perfect aspect: The chicken has eaten.
    * forming the passive voice: The chicken was eaten.
    * modifying a noun, active sense (certain intransitive verbs only): our fallen comrades
    * modifying a noun, passive sense: the attached files
    * modifying a verb or sentence, passive sense: Seen from this perspective, there is no easy solution.

    As noun-modifiers, participles usually precede the noun (like adjectives), but in many cases they can or must follow it:

    * Please bring all the documents required.
    * The difficulties encountered were nearly insurmountable.

    The full infinitive (or to-infinitive) is used in a great many different contexts:

    * Outside of dictionary headwords, it is the most commonly used citation form of the English verb: "How do we conjugate the verb to go?"
    * It can be used like a noun phrase, expressing its action or state in an abstract, general way. So, "To err is human"; "To know me is to love me". (However, a gerund is often preferred for this — "Being is doing" would be more natural than the abstract and philosophical sounding "To be is to do.

    • Join Date: Oct 2007
    • Posts: 78

    Re: noun

    I'm confuse with the participle working as a noun because it is like an adjective. .. and I'm also confuse in infinitive because it is like a verb. . . .

    what am I going to do??

Similar Threads

  1. sentence structure question
    By Unregistered in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 6
    Last Post: 17-Jan-2008, 10:53
  2. Plural noun + noun
    By gorikaz in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 23-Jun-2007, 08:01
  3. "e-mail"...countable or uncountable
    By pink dragon in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 12
    Last Post: 31-Aug-2005, 02:28
  4. Subject Noun
    By Farhaj in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 04-Mar-2005, 12:18
  5. Pick out nouns,pronouns and verb.
    By sara_pk in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 10
    Last Post: 21-May-2004, 20:09


Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts