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    #1

    Arrow Grammar

    Hello !

    I have following questions ;

    1. I feel [like] I'm working my butt off for nothing ;

    Is above [like] preposition or conjunction?

    * I think it prepostion with this view ; I feel like (that; as conjunction omitted) I'm
    working my butt off for nothing.

    2. Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system, [causing] an increased heart rate
    and alertness ;

    When I rewrite [causing] into a clause, which words will be more suitable,
    1) "which is" or 2) "which causes" ?

    * I think 1) "which is" better because caffeine stimulates the system only temporarily.

    3. In colonical times pigs and chickens were the easiest animals [1) to transport, or
    2) to be transported] ;

    4. Junk mail is offensive, embarrassing and an unwanted nuisance [1) to deal with, or
    2) to be dealt with] ;

    Re 3+4, Please explain which one is correct in detail.

    * I think 1) for para.3 and 2) for para.4 correct but with no sure..

    awaiting your bright replies and rgds,

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    #2

    Re: Grammar

    1 Traditional grammarians would prefer 'as if' there as they say a conjunction is required and 'like' is not one, but in actual usage, people frequently use 'like' in this manner; here it's functioning as a conjunction.
    2 causes- the caffeine stimulates the nervous system which results in a higher heart rate- the heart is not a nerve, so it is another step.
    3/4 In both cases, you could use either version, though the plain infinitive sounds more natural to me.

    • Member Info
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      • Korean
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    #3

    Arrow Re: Grammar

    Hello, Tdol !

    Many thanks for your clear advice.

    1. I feel [like] I'm working my butt off for nothing ; here it's functioning as a conjunction.

    If so, can I be understood that the [like] has originally been [a prepostion], but here it's
    functioning as [a conjunction]?

    2. Re para.2 ; Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system, [causing an increased heart
    rate and alertness] ;

    Can I consider above [ ] as so-called "Dangling Participle" ?

    Best Rgds,
    Last edited by deepcosmos; 27-Nov-2007 at 16:36.

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