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    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 4
    #1

    Question Could,should,must,ought To

    Hi

    I was wondering if anyone could give me a brief explanation as to when and why we use these words?

    Thanks to those of you who help

    COOKIE72

  1. buggles's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England

    • Join Date: Aug 2007
    • Posts: 3,987
    #2

    Re: Could,should,must,ought To

    "Should" and "ought to" are pretty much the same. You can use either to describe something you feel obliged to do. e.g. I should (ought to) go to visit my mother as it's her birthday.

    "Must" is used for something you have to do. e.g. I must breathe to keep on living.

    "Could" is used for something you are able to do. e.g. I could buy Mum a present if I had some money.

    Hope this helps.


    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 4
    #3

    Thumbs up Re: Could,should,must,ought To

    thanks for your help Buggles.

  2. #4

    Re: Could,should,must,ought To

    There's not just one simple answer, unfortunately. But here's a potted summary:
    Could
    (1) Used for polite requests in the present - 'Could I have a cup of tea?'
    (2) Used to talk about ability in the past- 'When I was five I could ride a bike.'
    (3) Used to talk about possible situations in the present you are making a guess about - 'This photo could be in France, but I'm not sure.'
    (4) + have - Used to talk about possible situations in the past. 'The murderer could have left by the window.'

    Should
    (1) Used to give advice about the present - 'You should go to bed - you look tired.'
    (2) + have - Used to criticise an action in the past - 'I shouldn't have said that.'

    Must
    (1) Used for strong obligation, usually by an authority figure. (Unlike 'have to') - "You mustn't touch this button, or the machine will stop.'
    (2) Used to make strong suggestions in spoken English - 'You must come and visit sometime.'
    (3) Used to talk about deductions or guesses you are fairly sure are true- 'The ground is wet, it must have rained.'

    Ought to
    (1) Used to give advice or recommendations about the present- 'You ought to be careful.'
    (2) Used to criticise past actions 'I ought to have posted this letter yesterday, but I forgot.'

    Hope this is some use to you.

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