what this means????plz..give an info. about this..
* Gerunds always end in -ing.
* Gerunds always act as nouns.
Gerunds can function as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of a preposition, predicate nominatives, and appositives. Here are some examples of gerunds:
* Leroy expanded his skills by studying.
* The gerund “studying” is the object of the preposition “by.”
* At the age of 10, Irving started running.
* The gerund “running” is a direct object.
* My mother's sole occupation, kvetching, makes her tedious company.
* The gerund “kvetching” (an especially virulent form of complaining) is an appositive in this sentence.
Like a participle, a gerund can be part of a phrase. In that case, the whole package is called a gerund phrase. (Got you with that one, didn't I?) Here are some gerund phrases busy at work in their sentences:
Danger, Will Robinson
Don't confuse gerunds and present participles, because both end in -ing. A gerund functions only as a noun, while a participle functions only as an modifier.
* The quiet, steady rowing soothed him.
* The gerund phrase is “the quiet, steady rowing.”
* My evening routine features jogging slowly around the block.
For more information click on the following :
Phrases: Verbal Phrases: Talk Soup — Infoplease.com
Gerunds and Infinitives: Their Noun Roles
Identifying Verbals - Recognizing Participles Gerunds and Infinitives