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    • Join Date: May 2007
    • Posts: 15
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    #1

    Adverbs and such

    How can I explain to my ESL students the concept of the suffix "ful" as in grateful, painful, beautiful etc.
    And the suffix "ness" as in sickness, illness, kindness etc.


    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 185
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    #2

    Re: Adverbs and such

    It's not always possible to explain the meaning of a suffix. It's more important to know what function is has (ie, to change an adjective ' happy' to an abstract noun ' happiness'.)

    '-ful' as a suffix originates from 'full', as in beautiful = full of beauty. However, as you can see from the example you give, this doesn't work for many of the words that now can be formed with 'ful' (Full of grates? I don't think so!) So here, the only clue you can give your students is to explain that it's an adjective ending. All words ending in 'ful' are adjectives.

    '-ness' is an abstract noun ending.

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    • Join Date: Oct 2007
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    #3

    Re: Adverbs and such

    Quote Originally Posted by Clare James View Post
    It's not always possible to explain the meaning of a suffix. It's more important to know what function is has (ie, to change an adjective ' happy' to an abstract noun ' happiness'.)

    '-ful' as a suffix originates from 'full', as in beautiful = full of beauty. However, as you can see from the example you give, this doesn't work for many of the words that now can be formed with 'ful' (Full of grates? I don't think so!) So here, the only clue you can give your students is to explain that it's an adjective ending. All words ending in 'ful' are adjectives.

    '-ness' is an abstract noun ending.

    hi,

    1) can i say that -ness always expresses a property of something?

    politeness/sadness/...

    2) what does "ie" stand for?

    (ie, to change an adjective ....)
    thanks


    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 185
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    #4

    Re: Adverbs and such

    ie means 'that is' - and you use it when you are about to explain what you've just written before.

    And yes, that seems like a reasonable description of '-ness'.

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