Results 1 to 9 of 9
  1. Newbie
    Student or Learner

    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 5
    #1

    sentence analysis. there?

    Hello!
    Can you please help me with this sentence?

    There is a lot of people outside.

    I cannot identify any subject. What I see is that a lot of people outside is the subjective complement.
    what do you think?
    what is the function and the category of there?

    thanks in advance.
    Merry Christmas!!!

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: May 2005
    • Posts: 2,045
    #2

    Re: sentence analysis. there?

    First of all, the word people is a plural, so the sentence should be:

    There are a lot of people outside. (In Spanish: Hay mucha gente afuera.)

    The subject is people, the verb is are.

    The word there is an adverb of place. If the sentence were written like this: A lot of people are outside there. it would be easier to see the subject-verb-adverb relationship.


    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 5,409
    #3

    Re: sentence analysis. there?

    Actually, the plural verb refers back to 'lot' , which is plural.
    "Many are called but few are chosen."


    • Join Date: Aug 2006
    • Posts: 3,059
    #4

    Re: sentence analysis. there?

    Quote Originally Posted by mykwyner View Post
    First of all, the word people is a plural, so the sentence should be:

    There are a lot of people outside. (In Spanish: Hay mucha gente afuera.)

    The subject is people, the verb is are.

    The word there is an adverb of place. If the sentence were written like this: A lot of people are outside there. it would be easier to see the subject-verb-adverb relationship.

    I must disagree with my learned friend.

    In speech, 'there's + plural noun phrase" predominates, so the original is perfectly natural English speech..

    The word 'there' is existential 'there'. It is an empty subject that serves to introduce new information, to tell of the existence of someone[s] or something[s].

    It is not the adverb form 'there'.

    A paraphrase would be, "a lot of people exist outside".

    We know that it isn't an adverb because it can be found within the same sentence.

    There are a lot of people there.

    There's a lot of people there.

    In the sentence, "There are a lot of people" we see that 'there' has no locative function. It only serves to report the existence of "a lot of people".

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: May 2005
    • Posts: 2,045
    #5

    Re: sentence analysis. there?

    OK R.K., I like your explanation better than mine.


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 2,886
    #6

    Re: sentence analysis. there?

    Quote Originally Posted by Lau19 View Post
    Hello!
    Can you please help me with this sentence?

    There is a lot of people outside.

    I cannot identify any subject. What I see is that a lot of people outside is the subjective complement.
    what do you think?
    what is the function and the category of there?

    thanks in advance.
    Merry Christmas!!!
    There = grammatical subject, dummy (empty) subject, surface subject, anticipatory 'there'

    is = linking verb
    a lot of people = notional or deep subject
    (who are) outside = adjectival relative clause
    Both 'there is' and 'there are' are acceptable.



    • Join Date: Aug 2006
    • Posts: 3,059
    #7

    Re: sentence analysis. there?

    Quote Originally Posted by mykwyner View Post
    OK R.K., I like your explanation better than mine.
    You're a true gentleman, Mike and an honest one.

  2. Newbie
    Student or Learner

    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 5
    #8

    Re: sentence analysis. there?

    Thanks a lot.
    I know that people is plural, but as I've heard before there is a lot of people,thatīs why I wrote it in that way, so is good to know that both are possible is or are, in that case.
    I must say that rivekid's answer was a great help to me.
    Thanks again.


    • Join Date: Aug 2006
    • Posts: 3,059
    #9

    Re: sentence analysis. there?

    Quote Originally Posted by Lau19 View Post
    Thanks a lot.
    I know that people is plural, but as I've heard before there is a lot of people,thatīs why I wrote it in that way, so is good to know that both are possible is or are, in that case.
    I must say that rivekid's answer was a great help to me.
    Thanks again.
    With this structure, though, Lau, it is virtually always, or always [no stats available now on the frequency] reduced to <there's>.

    And it's a collocation mostly limited to speech, though not simply casual speech. It's found in lectures in university professor's speech and in business meetings.

    Because 'there' is an empty subject, I believe that it can basically be understood as the speaker saying, "The situation is ..."

Similar Threads

  1. Sentence analysis
    By sharanbr in forum Analysing and Diagramming Sentences
    Replies: 6
    Last Post: 03-Dec-2007, 10:50
  2. I need help with a sentence analysis
    By Channah in forum Analysing and Diagramming Sentences
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 30-Jun-2007, 05:37
  3. sentence analysis
    By hela in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 12
    Last Post: 27-Apr-2007, 11:41
  4. sentence analysis
    By phthao_ha18 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 12-Mar-2007, 10:25
  5. grammar
    By jiang in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 8
    Last Post: 17-Dec-2003, 20:02

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •