I'm not sure I understand the question, but I'll tell you some types of nouns.
1. Proper nouns: These are names of persons or places.
Queen Elizabeth, Thailand, George Bush (shudder), London
2. Improper nouns: These are the names of things, living beings, activities
name, horse, train, books, football,
3. Abstract nouns: These are qualities, ideas.
love, peace, democracy, strength, fear, relativity
This is just for a beginning. The subject of what is a noun and what is a noun is extremely complicated in English. Modern linguists have a completely different idea of what a noun is in English. But we'll save that for later.