Student or Learner
For the following sentences, which are gerunds, infinitives, present participles and past participles?
1. The ringing of the church bells was heard above the shouting of the surging crowd.
2. Being a junior accountant working for a small company, I may well have little prospect of promotion this year due to the recent falling-away of business.
Here goes. "The ringing" and "the shouting" are special cases. Where the ing form is preceded by the definite article "the" and followed by the preposition "of" , as these two are, then all verbal force is lost and the words become pure nouns.
"Was heard". A passive verb therefore "heard" is a past participle.
"surging" A present participle acting as an adjective.
"Being and working" Both present participles heading adjective phrases describing " I " the subject of the sentence.
"falling-away" I don't know but it appears here to me as a compound word with the function of a noun, being governed by a compound prepostion "due to" [ should be (owing to)] and having the adjective recent qualifying it. I dont think it can be a gerund as it does not end in "ing".