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  1. Senior Member
    Student or Learner
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      • Brazil
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    #1

    simple past x past perfect

    We finally parted, but not before he promised to show up.
    We finally parted, but not before he had promised to show up.
    Are both right? If yes, do they have the same meaning? And if yes, what element in this sentence enables me to use either?
    Thanks

  2. Soup's Avatar
    VIP Member
    English Teacher
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      • Native Language:
      • English
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      • Canada
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    • Join Date: Sep 2007
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    #2

    Re: simple past x past perfect

    We finally parted, but not before he promised to show up.

    We finally parted, but not before he had promised to show up.

    Are both right?
    Yes.

    If yes, do they have the same meaning?
    Yes.

    And if yes, what element in this sentence enables me to use either?
    The word before.

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