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  1. #1
    mranhkhoa is offline Newbie
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    need help on this sentence

    I'm from Vietnam. I'm learning English. I need help on the sentence I got from Casino Royale film:

    "With their prototype destroyed, the company would be near bankruptcy. Instead, somebody lost over $100 milion betting the wrong way."

    Even I can understand this sentence, I don't know what the bold text "betting the wrong way" function as. Does it function as adjective modifying $100 milion ?

    Thank you very much!

  2. #2
    susiedqq is offline Key Member
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    Re: need help on this sentence

    "With their prototype destroyed, the company would be near bankruptcy. Instead, somebody lost over $100 milion betting the wrong way."

    This tells HOW somebody lost the money. (adverb)

  3. #3
    mranhkhoa is offline Newbie
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    Re: need help on this sentence

    Quote Originally Posted by susiedqq View Post
    "With their prototype destroyed, the company would be near bankruptcy. Instead, somebody lost over $100 milion betting the wrong way."

    This tells HOW somebody lost the money. (adverb)
    I'm not sure but I think "betting the wrong way" is gerund phrase. According to what I knew gerund phrase can not function as adverb.
    Last edited by mranhkhoa; 20-Jan-2008 at 11:21.

  4. #4
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    Soup is offline VIP Member
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    Re: need help on this sentence

    Dear mranhkhoa, there are two ways to look at it:

    [1]adjectival phrase
    Instead, somebody betting the wrong way lost over $100 milion.
    => modifies the noun somebody

    [2] Gerundival phrase
    Instead, somebody lost over $100 million (by) betting the wrong way.
    => functions as the object of the elided preposition by

    Note, it's the phrase by betting the wrong way that functions adverbially, not the gerundival phrase.

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