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  1. Newbie
    English Teacher
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Korean
      • Home Country:
      • South Korea
      • Current Location:
      • South Korea

    • Join Date: Jan 2008
    • Posts: 11

    When if-adverb clauses have 'future auxiliary-will'?

    It is gramatically right that If-adverb clauses have 'present verb' instead of future auxiliary 'will,'. like this.
    If it rains tomorrow, we won't go on a picnic. ( o )
    If it will rain tomorrow, we won't go on a picnic. ( x )
    However, I often see 'if ' adverb clauses that have 'will'.
    for example,
    I shall be glad to go, if you will accompany me.
    I'd like to know when and why 'if' adverb clauses have 'will'. I'd like you to take some more examples.
    Thank you so much in advance. ^^

  2. RonBee's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Feb 2003
    • Posts: 16,546

    Re: When if-adverb clauses have 'future auxiliary-will'?

    You can say:
    If it does rain tomorrow, we won't go on a picnic.
    As for the other thing, I'm working on it.

  3. rewboss's Avatar

    • Join Date: Feb 2006
    • Posts: 1,552

    Re: When if-adverb clauses have 'future auxiliary-will'?

    We use "will" in the following cases:

    1. To make a prediction (I think Barack Obama will be the next US President).

    2. When making a decision (I have no eggs -- I will buy some more).

    3. When making a promise (I will write to her tomorrow).

    Now, we can say "It will rain tomorrow", because that's a prediction. But when we're talking about a condition, a condition cannot at the same time be a prediction. "If it rains tomorrow" can't be a prediction because it's a condition.

    But your other example is a promise: "If you will accompany me" means the same as "If you promise to accompany me". A promise can be a condition.

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