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    #1

    When can I use "having + past participle" like having said?

    I am really confused about using "having + past participle" such as having said. When can I use it and what does it mean?

    Thanks

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    #2

    Re: When can I use "having + past participle" like having said?

    Quote Originally Posted by Mohamad Hijazi View Post
    I am really confused about using "having + past participle" such as having said. When can I use it and what does it mean?

    Thanks
    Welcome!
    "Having" + past participle means that the person(s) being referred to have done the action of the verb. So you use it when you what to express this meaning.

    'Having lived in London, I know its climate very well.' means that I have lived in London, so I know its climate very well.

    'Having seen him work, we know the job will take him a lot longer than he said it will.' means that we have seen him work, so we know that the job will take a lot longer than he said it will.

    Please ask again if you are not clear.

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    #3

    Re: When can I use "having + past participle" like having said?

    Attention: I’m not a teacher.

    Hi Mohamad Hijazi,

    When you are talking about finished action, you can say having said, having stolen, having done

    He admitted having stolen the money.
    They now regret having gotten married.

    But it is not necessary to use that form. You can also use the simple –ing for finished action.

    He admitted stealing the money.
    They now regret getting married.

    When one action happens before another action, you can use having (done) for the first action.

    Having found a hotel, they looked for somewhere to have dinner.
    Having finished our work, we went home.

    We could also say After –ing.

    After finishing our work, we went home.

    But having said that," he added "I think he will do well.
    He said: "Newcastle are not unbeatable, but having said that they are a formidable team.
    Yeah erm Er but having said that, was Oh absolutely yeah yeah.
    And having said that, they recognize the difficulties of the moment.
    Having said that I'll try and speak to this.
    Having said that, I can say no more.
    Having said that, however, we need critically to explore the pluralist perspective.

    Regard.

    V.

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