The differences between "sore", "pain" and "ache" are much discussed.
To ache means that there is a persistent dull sensation which can be quite acutely uncomfortable [such as the ache you will get if you use a muscle too long]. It is characteristic of true influenza which affects the central nervous system.
Pain is undoubtedly a more extreme sensation, often excrutiatingly agonising.
Sore is a sharper sensation than ache, and often more localised.
Also, "to ache" is a verb; "to pain" and "to sore" are not acceptable in this context - there are no verbs for this. "I have a pain"/"I am in pain"/ "My leg is sore"/ My arms are sore".
The following definitions and examples are earmarked for giving a partial satisfaction to your interest concerning the term pain.
pain (v) = 1. cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
cause emotional anguish or make miserable
pain (v) = used to say that it is very difficult and upsetting for someone to have to do something
“It pains me to see him”.
“It pains me to say so.”
“My arm pains.”
ache (v) = feel physical pain
ail (v) = cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed, to be ill, or to make someone feel ill or unhappy
“He is ailing.”
“He ailed sadly during the winter.”
“What ails him?”
“Something ails him.”
“What ails your eye?”
suffer (v) = feel pain or be in pain
to suffer acutely
to suffer from something
sting (v) = cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort, cause a stinging pain
[intransitive and transitive] to make something hurt with a sudden sharp pain, or to hurt like this:
Antiseptic stings a little.
Chopping onions makes my eyes sting.
trouble (v) = to afflict with pain or discomfort.
“His head troubled.”
hurt (v) = be the source of pain, give trouble or pain to
"This exercise will hurt your back"
feel physical pain
"Were you hurting after the accident?"
“My lower back hurts.”
“His foot hurts”
“"His foot is hurting him pretty badly”.
it hurts me
rankle (v) to become sore or inflamed; fester.
Does it rankle and jar or do we feel at home with the sound?
Not to let them rankle and fester.
But what really seems to hurt and rankle you most at the moment is the behavior and attitude of a friend.
It was something that would rankle in her heart for the rest of her life.
twinge (v) = to cause to feel a sharp pain
smart (v) = be the source of pain, To cause a sharp, usually superficial, stinging pain: The slap delivered to my face smarted.
if a part of your body smarts, it hurts with a stinging pain:
My eyes were smarting with the smoke.
suffer (v) = feel pain or be in pain
I'm suffering from physical pain.
pain, ache (n) a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder, a somatic sensation of acute discomfort
aches and pains
We are allowed to give drugs to relieve pain , even if they shorten life.
“To have a pain in the knee.”
“To feel some pain.”
“To feel a pang of pain.”
"no pain -no gain"
“to put out of pain” = to kill ailing (unsound) animal
local, dull pain
shooting pain, stitch
pain in the back
to be painful
“I find walking painful”
“My knee was getting painful”
a piercing pain
“My pain has gone.”
pains in the head
pains at the back of the head
to feel o’s head heavy
pain in the neck
pains in the heart
shooting pains in the heart
palpitation of the heart
palpitation = (tachycardia) irregular, rapid beating or pulsation of the heart.
feel pain or be in pain
pangs/throes/pains of childbirth
cry out with pain
writhe with pain
have a pain
inflict pain on s.o
feel a pain
sore (a) = hurting, causing misery or pain or distress
“I have got a sore throat.”
stitch (n) = a sharp spasm of pain in the side resulting from running
“A stitch in the side.”
“I run so fast that I have a stitch in the side.”
Sting (n) a kind of pain; something as sudden and painful as being stung
twinge (n) a sharp, sudden physical pain.
do s.o a hurt
my leg troubles me
Someone was shouting in Tom’s ear, “You hurt?”. He turned and saw a youngish sandy-haired man with a black bag, the arena doctor.
Tom said, “No. Just… shook up.”
shook up = emotionally upset or excited; shaken.
My throat has been had bad for some time.
To have a sore throat.
He felt sick at his stomach.
His heart bleeds for s.o.
His heart goes out to s.o.