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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Feb 2008
    Posts
    10

    Smile explain

    Dear all,
    a student of 10th class asked me: 1) what is the function of 'by 'in passive voice. 2) i climbed a tree, was changed into passive, the tree was climbed by me. is it true. 3) a clear demarkation in transitve and intrasitive verbs.

    kindly send me as soon as possible as i have to explain it tomorrow.
    thanks
    Nawab

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Nov 2007
    Posts
    5,403

    Re: explain

    An action (something a person does) is done "to" them, "by" somebody.
    In active voice, the 'doer' is the subject:
    John hit Bob - the action was done by John, to Bob
    In the passive voice, the receiver of the action is placed first, in the subject:
    Bob was hit by John.
    the function of 'by', therefore, is to show who the "doer' of the action is;
    just as 'to' tells us who or what was was on the receiving end of the action, to whom it was done

    "the tree was climbed by me" is correct grammar.

    I'm not sure what you are asking in (3)

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Feb 2008
    Posts
    10

    Smile Re: explain

    Hi, define transitive and Intransitive verbs with examples, and also explain that there are some verbs that are used in both ways, how would we deffrentiate them.nawab

  4. #4
    Anglika is offline No Longer With Us
    Join Date
    Oct 2006
    Posts
    19,397

    Re: explain


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