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  1. #1
    joham is offline Key Member
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    By1920, had/ had had

    By 1920, women in the US, Canada and most European countries had the right to vote.

    I'd like to know if we can use 'had had' in this sentence. I often see 'By...' go with a perfect tense. So I have this question here.

    Thank you in advance.

  2. #2
    susiedqq is offline Key Member
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    Re: By1920, had/ had had

    By 1920, women in the US, Canada and most European countries had the right to vote.


    Yes, you could use "had had" - but most people don't.

    If you must use "had" two times, say: . . . "countries had already had the right to vote."

  3. #3
    joham is offline Key Member
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    Re: By1920, had/ had had

    Quote Originally Posted by susiedqq View Post
    By 1920, women in the US, Canada and most European countries had the right to vote.


    Yes, you could use "had had" - but most people don't.

    If you must use "had" two times, say: . . . "countries had already had the right to vote."
    Then, just to be sure, the sentence in OXFORD 6th edition, A:
    By the end of the week we knew the subject from A to Z.

    can be said as 'By the end of the week we had known the subject from A to Z'?
    Thank you very much.

  4. #4
    jamiep is offline Member
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    Re: By1920, had/ had had

    I'd advise against using the past perfect here. If you use had had it could suggest that women had the right before but not anymore.

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