Student or Learner
1. A new age began when man first stepped onto the moon.
2. He began eating as soon as the clock struck twelve.
Is this correct: In #1, the verb "began" is intransitive and is being modified by an adverbial phrase, while in #2, the verb "began" is transitive and "eating" is its direct object?
Correct. In sentence #2 the gerund is the direct object.