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    #1

    Grammar

    Dear teachers,

    Please read the following sentence:

    We like our information fast, too: messages flashed on a computer screen, documents faxed from your telephone to mine, current events in 90-second bursts on Eyewitness News, history reduced to "Bicentennial Minutes".

    My questions is:
    What's the function of "flashed", "faxed" and "reduced"? Are they past participle or predicates"? If they are predicates why in past tense? If they are not then why "bursts" instead of "burst"? Please kindly explain them to me. I am totally confused.

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

  1. Soup's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Grammar

    Hi jiang

    1. messages [are] flashed on a computer screen
    2. documents [are] faxed from your telephone to mine
    3. current events [are given] in 90-second,
    4. bursts [of news are given] on Eyewitness News,
    5. history [is] reduced to "Bicentennial Minutes".

    It doesn't have to be 'given'. It could be 'provided' as well as others.


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    #3

    Re: Grammar

    Hi,

    I understand your explanation. So they are past participles that modify the nouns. They are not predicates.
    But I get confused by No.4, "bursts". If it is past participle it should be "burst' like the others. Is that right?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Soup View Post
    Hi jiang

    1. messages [are] flashed on a computer screen
    2. documents [are] faxed from your telephone to mine
    3. current events [are given] in 90-second,
    4. bursts [of news are given] on Eyewitness News,
    5. history [is] reduced to "Bicentennial Minutes".

    It doesn't have to be 'given'. It could be 'provided' as well as others.


  2. Soup's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Grammar

    Hi

    It mirrors the structure before it, 'current events [are]' (subject + verb). Events is a noun, and bursts functions as a noun, also (note the -s, plural). Moreover, bursts is short for 'bursts of'.



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    #5

    Re: Grammar

    These structures are called 'Complex Object'. Let me give a simpler sentence for clarity.
    e.g. I like my orders obeyed.
    The complex 'my orders obeyed' consists of 2 parts: the nominal part - 'my orders', and the predicative part - 'obeyed'. The latter is Participle II.

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    #6

    Re: Grammar

    &
    Hi,
    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I understand it. I thought bursts is a verb.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Soup View Post
    Hi

    It mirrors the structure before it, 'current events [are]' (subject + verb). Events is a noun, and bursts functions as a noun, also (note the -s, plural). Moreover, bursts is short for 'bursts of'.


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