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      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • China

    • Join Date: Oct 2007
    • Posts: 1,618

    relax himself

    Az-Zahir turned off the radio, and took a moment to relax himself, clear his mind of all extraneous thoughts.

    This sentence comes from the CAE. I'd like to know whether 'relax' can go with a self-pronoun. J.B. Heaton & J.P. Stocks say in their OVERSEAS STUDENTS' COMPANION TO ENGLISH (LONGMANS, 1966) that 'relax oneself' is the wrong structure.

    Could I ask native English speakers to help me please? Thank you in advance.

    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 5,409

    Re: relax himself

    English Grammar - Reflexive pronouns

    says the following:

    We do not use reflexive pronouns after feel, meet, concentrate and relax, and we do not normally use them after wash, shave and dress, unless it is necessary to make it clear who does the action.

    He finds it difficult to relax.
NOT: He finds it difficult to relax himself.

    When I got up, I washed.
NOT: When I got up, I washed myself.

    HOWEVER, when referring to meditation and hypnotism, you will read :
    "We teach the person how to relax himself."
    I guess they are trying to emphasize that as opposed to doing some activity to relax and take a break from work, or listening to music to relax, the person is engaged in some inner process aimed at relaxing them.
    Leave that construction to the touchy-feelies, and stick with ESL's advice.

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