Student or Learner
The fear of losing some Japanese identity is at the root of most critics of early English education, and Japanese culture can arguably be considered more closely tied to language than others. Yet, many studies have found that a stronger sense of Japanese identity develops through contact with other languages and cultures. Awareness of one's cultural identity comes as much from comparison as from knowing oneself.
In the passage above, what does the underlined "others" refer to?
I think it refers to "other cultures", but I'm not 100 percent sure.