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  1. Unregistered
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    #1

    Unhappy by the end or at the end

    can you please explain me the difference between "by the end of the 20th century" and "at the end of the 20th century". and sometimes even appears "in the end of the 20th century". what should i write?

    thank you for your help


    • Join Date: Apr 2008
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    #2

    Re: by the end or at the end

    Quote Originally Posted by Unregistered View Post
    can you please explain me the difference between "by the end of the 20th century" and "at the end of the 20th century". and sometimes even appears "in the end of the 20th century". what should i write?

    thank you for your help
    'In the end of the 20th century' is grammatically incorrect.

    'By the end' emphasises the completion of an action by the final point of a time period.
    'At the end' indicates that the action takes place within the last part of a time period.

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    #3

    Re: by the end or at the end

    please, I have a doubt about "by".
    would "by the end" mean "somewhere before the end"?
    thanks.


    • Join Date: Oct 2006
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    #4

    Re: by the end or at the end

    By the end of the afternoon, we had walked twenty miles.
    By the end of the day we had dug up the garden.
    By the end of the century, war had ceased for good.

    The actions have all been completed by the time the afternoon/day/century had come to an end.

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    #5

    Re: by the end or at the end

    hi,

    sorry, I am still uncertain about the real meaning of "by".

    does the expression "good by June" (I am not sure about the actual expression) on the label of a food mean that it should only be eaten "until" June and not after June?

    if so, does the "by" in your examples mean the same as "until"?

    Thanks.


    • Join Date: Oct 2006
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    #6

    Re: by the end or at the end

    Quote Originally Posted by jctgf View Post
    hi,

    sorry, I am still uncertain about the real meaning of "by".

    does the expression "good by June" (I am not sure about the actual expression) on the label of a food mean that it should only be eaten "until" June and not after June? To me "Good by June" would imply that something is maturing and will be ready by that time. The labels probably say "Use by the end of June".

    if so, does the "by" in your examples mean the same as "until"? No.>> Not later than this point (indicating the end of a time period)

    "Until" = up to this moment.

    Thanks.
    ..

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