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    #1

    by...(had) reached

    Total sales in these countries reached 1 million by 1980.

    This sentence comes from COLLINS ENGLISH USAGE. If 'had' was added before 'reached', would the meaning of the sentence change a bit?

    Could I ask native English teachers to help me please? Thank you in advance.

  1. Soup's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: by...(had) reached

    They differ in meaning, at least to me.
    Ex: Total sales ... reached 1 million by 1980.
    Ex: Total sales ... had reached 1 million by 1980 before ...

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    #3

    Re: by...(had) reached

    Quote Originally Posted by Soup View Post
    They differ in meaning, at least to me.
    Ex: Total sales ... reached 1 million by 1980.
    Ex: Total sales ... had reached 1 million by 1980 before ...
    I'm rereading this answer and am still finding it puzzling.
    Could other native speakers explain further? Thank you in advance.
    Last edited by joham; 19-Sep-2008 at 23:41. Reason: one word changed.

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