Student or Learner
what is an effected Direct Object and what is an affected Direct Object?
A relatively old semantic-role distinction is that between affected objects, i.e. patients which are affected by the verbal action, and effected objects, i.e. participants which come into being as a result of the verbal action.
- ... [the] distinction, ..., can be seen in Sentences 1 and 2.
1. John ruined the table. [affected object]Note that in one case the object is understood as existing antecedently to John's activities, while in the other case its existence resulted from John's activities." (Fillmore 1968:4)
2. John built the table. [effected object]_________________________________
affected = influenced, as in to undergo change
affected objects: open the door, paint the house, destroy a houseeffected = resulted
effected objects: paint a painting, build a house, draw a line