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    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • Taiwan
      • Current Location:
      • Taiwan

    • Join Date: Dec 2003
    • Posts: 514

    gay and refined

    Dear Teachers,

    I read this from True Pleasures by Lucinda Holdforth:

    "As the gay and refined Age of Reason headed towards its revolutionary climax, Madame du Deffand clung to the old codes. She and her friends scoffed at the encyclopedists' faith in progress; they derided the new vogue for sentimentality."

    Does "gay" mean delightful here? Why is Age of Reason "gay"?
    Does "refined" mean cultured/polite?

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Laos

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 57,845

    Re: gay and refined

    It wasn't a time characterised by gloom or misery, but one that was optimistic and believed it could find solutions.

    2. Yes


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