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  1. thedaffodils's Avatar
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    #1

    tariff vs. price

    China raised energy prices across the board last night in a major policy shift that risks stoking the country's already high inflation.
    International oil prices fell immediately as Beijing said that petrol and diesel would go up by to 18 per cent and electricity tariffs rose by just under 5 per cent. Oil prices – already under pressure as Saudi Arabia is expected to announce on Sunday an increase in oil production – fell more than $4 a barrel to $132.32.
    Hi! I am wondering why the author doesn't use "prices" here but "tariffs". What is the difference between the two words?

    Here's the explanation from online dictionary. But I am still not clear about its second entry highlighted in red. Could you please help? Thank you!

    tar·iff
    n.1. a. A list or system of duties imposed by a government on imported or exported goods.
    b. A duty or duties so imposed.

    2. A schedule of prices or fees.
    tariff - definition of tariff by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.

  2. Soup's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: tariff vs. price

    tariff, a government tax on imports or exports.
    tariff - Definitions from Dictionary.com

    1. an official list or table showing the duties or customs imposed by a government on imports or exports.
    2. the schedule or system of duties so imposed.
    3. any duty or rate of duty in such a list or schedule.
    4. any table of charges, as of a railroad, bus line, etc.
    5. bill; cost; charge.

    tariff, 1591, "arithmetical table," from It. tariffa, M.L. tarifa "list of prices, book of rates," from Arabic ta'rif "information, notification, inventory of fees to be paid," verbal noun from arafa "to make known." Meaning "official list of customs duties on imports or exports" is from 1592; sense of "classified list of charges made in a business" is recorded from 1757.

    Online Etymology Dictionary

  3. thedaffodils's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: tariff vs. price

    Hi Soup,

    Thanks for your reply!

    I understood tariff applied in export or import tax. But can I use prices to replace tariffs in "electricity tariffs"?

    By the way, my Internet speed is very slow when I access this forum. Is it same with you? I can be easy to access other foreign-based websites but not this one in the two days. I am wondering whether it is my own problem or UsingEnglish's.

  4. Soup's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: tariff vs. price

    Quote Originally Posted by thedaffodils View Post
    I understood tariff applied in export or import tax. But can I use prices to replace tariffs in "electricity tariffs"?
    Tax and price are not synonymous.

    ___________________
    Yes. This site can be slow at times.

  5. thedaffodils's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: tariff vs. price

    Soup, thank you again.


    According to The Americn Heritage Dictionary, here's the explanation about tariff.

    tariff
    n.
    1 A list or system of duties imposed by a government on imported or exported goods.
    2 Duties or a duty imposed by a government on imported or exported goods.
    3 A schedule of prices or fees.
    tariff = prices or fees?


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    #6

    Re: tariff vs. price

    In this context, tariff means: a table of the fixed charges made by a business. It cannot precisely be replaced by "prices".

    This is an example of an electricity tariff:

    Unit price 0-1000kWh p per kWh 19.173
    Unit price over 1000kWh p per kWh 10.826
    Unit price - Economy 7 p per kWh 4.242
    Standing charge per year £00.00

  6. thedaffodils's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: tariff vs. price

    Hi Anglika,

    Thank you very much! I think I understood.

    Have a good dream!


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    #8

    Re: tariff vs. price


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    #9

    Re: tariff vs. price

    Quote Originally Posted by thedaffodils View Post
    Hi Soup,

    Thanks for your reply!

    I understood tariff applied in export or import tax. But can I use prices to replace tariffs in "electricity tariffs"?

    By the way, my Internet speed is very slow when I access this forum. Is it same with you? I can be easy to access other foreign-based websites but not this one in the two days. I am wondering whether it is my own problem or UsingEnglish's.
    Have you already tried to use Firefox? I've got a significant gain in performance after I started using it.
    As to ''tariff'', it's a very common word in my native language but it seems to be very rarely used in English.
    In my language it basically means "the price per an amount of something", and it's usually determined by the government. That's why we have electricity tariffs, water tariffs, telephone tariffs and so on.
    Just a student.
    Regards.
    Last edited by jctgf; 22-Jun-2008 at 02:38.

  7. RonBee's Avatar
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    #10

    Re: tariff vs. price

    I don't think the word "tariff" is used much in the US except to mean "tax". And a particular kind of tax at that.


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