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  1. lovecindy's Avatar
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    #1

    Smile What does 'it' refer to?

    We must commit to meeting our targets through the use of those biofuels that are most effective in relative terms in reducing global carbon impact. European consumers, - who will pay a higher price for petrol to help combat climate change - will expect that any push into biofuels has the greatest possible net positive environmental outcome. It would be self-defeating if it did not.
    This is excerpted from a speech. I don't know what the bold 'it' refers to. Can anyone explain to me? Thank you in advance.


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    #2

    Re: What does 'it' refer to?

    European consumers, - who will pay a higher price for petrol to help combat climate change - will expect that any push into biofuels has the greatest possible net positive environmental outcome. It would be self-defeating if it did not.

    European consumers will expect that any push into biofuels has the greatest possible net positive environmental outcome. Such a push/it would be self-defeating if such a push/it did not (have the greatest possible net positive environmental outcome.)

  2. stuartnz's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: What does 'it' refer to?

    I am not a professional teacher, but I read that "it" as referring to the "push into biofuels".

    So, for example,
    "any push into biofuels has the greatest possible net positive environmental outcome. The push into biofuels would be self-defeating if the push into biofuels did not have the greatest possible net positive environmental outcome."

  3. lovecindy's Avatar
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    #4

    Smile Re: What does 'it' refer to?

    Thank you very much for your replies.

    And can you explain the meaning of 'net positive' to me? What do ''net positive environmental' mean? Do them mean 'good for/beneficial to environment'? Thank you.

  4. stuartnz's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: What does 'it' refer to?

    Quote Originally Posted by lovecindy View Post
    Thank you very much for your replies.

    And can you explain the meaning of 'net positive' to me? What do ''net positive environmental' mean? Do them mean 'good for/beneficial to environment'? Thank you.
    Here's the Oxford English Dictionary's definition of "net" used in this way:

    Balanced, final, conclusive; remaining after all necessary considerations have been taken into account; esp. in net result, net effect, etc.


    Using the biofuels example, there are negative effects of the growth in demand for biofuels. These include loss of land used for growing food crops and the subsequent rise in food prices. For the "push into biofuels" to have "a net positive" effect", the advantages and benefits of biofuels must exceed or outweigh those negative effects, so that the net or perhaps overall, effect is positive.

  5. lovecindy's Avatar
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    #6

    Smile Re: What does 'it' refer to?

    Thank you very much, stuart. Now I understand it.

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