can anybody tell me how to use until ?
thanks in advance ,
I’m not a teacher.
until (prep). = 1. up to the time of: We danced until dawn.
2. before (a specified time): She can't leave until Friday.
- Up to the time that: We walked until it got dark.
- Before: You cannot leave until your work is finished.
- To the point or extent that: I talked until I was hoarse.
until = up to the point when
We use “until” or “till” to say how long a situation continues:
“Shall we go now?” “No, let’s wait until (or till) it stops rain.”
“I was tired this morninga so I stayed in bed until half past ten.”
Compare until and by in these situations:
Sue will be away until Monday. (so she’ll come back on Monday)
Sue will be back by Monday. (= she’ll be back on or before Monday, on Monday at the latest.)
I’ll be working until 11 o’clock. (so I’ll stop working at 11 o’clock)
I’ll have finished my work by 11 o’clock. (= I’ll finish my work at or before 11 o’clock, at 11 o’clock at the latest)
We cannot use “until” with this meaning:
Tell me by Friday whether or not you can come to the party. ( not "Tell me until Friday".)
Additionally, 'til has been created, presumably by the people who considered till an abbreviation from until. Even though that is not correct, 'til has it's everyday usage and place in ''good English'', but only when it is preceded by an apostrophe denoting that lack of letter U.
(shop ’til you drop, as it's written in some newspaper right beside me)