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    • Join Date: Sep 2007
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    #1

    avenge / revenge

    Dear teachers,

    There are four sentences where you see two different words with identical meaning.

    Would you be kind enough explain to me the eventual difference.

    Hamlet swore to avenge his fatherís death.
    He wanted to avenge his brother's death.
    Tom Sawer was afraid that Injun Joe would revenge himself on him for his testimony at the trial.
    Tom revenged himself upon Sid by beating him soundly.

    Thank you for your efforts.

    Regards

    V.

  1. stella1977's Avatar

    • Join Date: Jun 2008
    • Posts: 30
    #2

    Re: avenge / revenge

    *GRAMMAR*POINT*
    avenge / revenge
    People avenge something or avenge themselves on somebody: She vowed to avenge her brother's death. • He later avenged himself on his wife's killers.
    People revenge themselves on somebody or are revenged on them: He was later revenged on his wife's killers. You cannot revenge something: You can not say :She vowed to revenge her brother's death-
    I hope this helps,
    Regards
    _________________

  2. ladybird987's Avatar

    • Join Date: Jul 2008
    • Posts: 110
    #3

    Re: avenge / revenge

    from Dictionary and Thesaurus - Merriam-Webster Online
    avenge:
    Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French avenger, from a- (from Latin ad-) + venger to avenge — more at vengeance
    Date: 14th century
    revenge:
    Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French revenger, revengier, from re- + venger to avenge — more at vengeance
    Date: 14th century

    "re-" underlines that your action is renewed or repeated; and nowadays "revenge" is probably more popular

    ---
    http://dictionary.cambridge.org/defi...7627&dict=CALD - this contradicts the post above
    Last edited by ladybird987; 24-Jul-2008 at 11:45.

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