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  1. thedaffodils's Avatar
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    #1

    Smile will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    The decision to control food exports is the latest sign of how soaring food prices are reshaping the agriculture industry. The recreation of Soviet-style state-trading will exacerbate aggravate anxieties of food-importing countries about their dependence on the international market, which has been severely disrupted this year after exporters, including Russia, imposed prohibitive foreign sales duties or export bans.
    The paragraph I quote is an excerpt from Financial Times.

    Q1: I think there's a gramatical error in the words I highlight in blue, and one of words must be deleted. Am I right?

    Q2: What is the difference between 'exacerbate' and 'aggravate'? I have looked them up by Cambridge Dictionaries Online but am not clear.

    exacerbate verb [T]
    to make something which is already bad worse:
    This attack will exacerbate the already tense relations between the two communities.

    Cambridge Dictionaries Online - Cambridge University Press

    aggravate (MAKE WORSE) verb [T]
    1 to make a bad situation worse:
    Attempts to restrict parking in the city centre have further aggravated the problem of traffic congestion.

    2 to make a disease worse:
    The treatment only aggravated the condition.


    Cambridge Dictionaries Online - Cambridge University Press

    Thanks in advance!
    Last edited by thedaffodils; 03-Aug-2008 at 06:59.

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    #2

    Re: will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    The recreation of Soviet-style state-trading will exacerbate aggravate anxieties of food-importing countries about their dependence on the international market, which has been severely disrupted this year after exporters, including Russia, imposed prohibitive foreign sales duties or export bans.
    I think the word 'recreation'(activities for enjoyment) should have been written 're-creation'(create again).

    The difference between exacerbate and aggravate is subtle indeed, so much so that the writer was undecided which one to use! One of the words should have been deleted obviously. I would delete aggravate and use exacerbate - exacerbate anxieties. Aggravate is used for problems and conditions(especially medical). I can't pin-point the exact difference though.

    not a teacher

  2. thedaffodils's Avatar
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    #3

    Smile Re: will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    Hi Tedtmc,

    Thank you for your answer.

  3. Soup's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    From Russia to centralize control of grain exports | Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee
    Moscow to Seize Grain Export Controls
    By Javier Blas
    Financial Times, London
    Thursday, July 31, 2008

    The decision to control food exports is the latest sign of how soaring food prices are reshaping the agriculture industry. The recreation of Soviet-style state trading will aggravate anxieties of food-importing countries about their dependence on the international market, which has been severely disrupted this year after exporters, including Russia, imposed prohibitive foreign sales duties or export bans.

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    #5

    Re: will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    Soup
    Could you please explain why 'aggravate' should be used instead of 'exacerbate' in the sentence?
    And what do you think about the word 'recreation'?

  4. Soup's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    Quote Originally Posted by tedtmc View Post
    Soup
    Could you please explain why 'aggravate' should be used instead of 'exacerbate' in the sentence?
    And what do you think about the word 'recreation'?
    Could you explain why they shouldn't be used?

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    #7

    Re: will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    Quote Originally Posted by Soup View Post
    Could you explain why they shouldn't be used?
    Well, as I said, I can't pinpoint the exact difference.

    Based on my search, 'exacerbate anxieties' is used more:

    aggravate anxieties - Google Search

    exacerbate anxieties - Google Search

  5. Soup's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    It's always a good idea to check the usage note when looking up a given dictionary entry.

    From aggravate - Definitions from Dictionary.com
    —Usage note The two most common senses of aggravate are “to make worse” and “to annoy or exasperate.” Both senses first appeared in the early 17th century at almost the same time; the corresponding two senses of the noun aggravation also appeared then. Both senses of aggravate and aggravation have been standard since then. The use of aggravate to mean “annoy” is sometimes objected to because it departs from the etymological meaning “to make heavier,” and in formal speech and writing the sense “annoy” is somewhat less frequent than “to make worse.” The noun aggravation meaning “annoyance” occurs in all types of speech and writing.

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    #9

    Re: will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    That doesn't explain why 'aggravate' should be used in preference to 'exacerbate' though.

    Do you mean that exacerbate was wrongly used 92,300 times?

  6. thedaffodils's Avatar
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    #10

    Smile Re: will exacerbate aggravate anxieties =?

    Soup: Thank you for your answers.

    Tedtmc: Thank you for your following up.


    The use of aggravate to mean “annoy” is sometimes objected to because it departs from the etymological meaning “to make heavier,” and in formal speech and writing the sense “annoy” is somewhat less frequent than “to make worse.”
    Soup, does it "aggravate" refer to "annoy" and "make something worse", while "exacerbate" only means to make something worse?

    And if I only want to say intensify the anxiety, can I match 'anxiety' with 'exacerbate', that is 'exacerbate anxiety'? Is it sound odd to a native speaker?

    Thank you!

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